BnF – Bibliothèque nationale de France


Conditions: in summary

  • Some commercial use of images may be free. There are two sources on the website: one says free, one says a charge
  • Non commercial use is definitely free
  • Images which are already digitised and online are available at high-res free of charge
  • If a reproduction charge is made, there is an 80% reduction for academic use
  • The more charged images are used, the greater the discount

There are two conflicting entries on the BnF site. To be perfectly sure before publication it is advised to contact the BnF directly.

The first conditions says:

‘All catalogue entries are made available free of charge, for any type of reuse, including commercial, with the obligation to quote the source, according to the principle of the Open License.’Licence ouverte  (

Conditions at

However there is a second, more detailed page that says differently. It is clear that in all cases,

‘The non-commercial use of the documents is free and free of charge in compliance with the legislation in force and in particular the maintenance of the mention of source: BnF or Bibliothèque nationale de France.’

It then goes on to say:

Fees and process for the use of documents

You want to use BnF documents in a publication, an audiovisual production, an exhibition, in any paid service or product, advertising or commercial media. These commercial uses are subject to an authorization and the payment of a fee, in addition to and independently of potential reproduction works of documents. (See section “Reproduction products and fees” and “How to order reproductions”). These uses of documents fall in the framework of the ordinance (law) n°2016-307 of March 17, 2016 (title II of book III in the code of relations between the public and the administration).

Non-commercial use of documents is open and free of charge in accordance with the legislation in force, especially the maintenance of the source of the document: BnF or Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Declare a commercial use

When you order reproductions, on estimate or online from Gallica or the Catalogue général, you will be submitted a question about your commercial use at the end of the purchase process, in case of a positive answer, an online declaration form will be submitted.

If you already have images, the declaration form below must be filled as soon as possible for any commercial use project. This form is also available in the section « Mes achats » of your personal account if you have one.

Pay the fee and get an authorization of use

The use fee can either (according to the customer’s choice) be paid after the declaration or upon publication which is based on the sending of a copy of the publication to the Reproduction department. According to the choice made in the declaration, you will obtain a temporary or final authorization of use.


This form has a price simulator so you can quickly get an assessment of your fee without validating it.

Commercial use fees

Detailed prices below are set per image unless otherwise stated. We remind you that potential reproduction works (technical charges) are invoiced independently.

Discounts are applied depending on the total number of images used in the same project:

  • from 10 to 19: -10%
  • from 20 to 29: -20%
  • from 30: negotiated fee
Book, Press and periodical (electronic version included)
Location Fee ex. VAT
Inside page 60 €
Vignette (smaller than 1/8 page) 30 €
Cover 180 €

An increase is applied in case of a distribution in several countries: +50%

However: **********- 80 % for academic publications************



BnF – Bibliothèque nationale de France

John Johnson Collection, Bodleian Libraries


A selection of images is available on their website. Full search is available through Pro-Quest with institutional access or a log-in on

Conditions: This one is a low cost service.

There are costs involved in providing the image but these are scaled to image size and quality


After that, ‘Reproduction is free of charge for theses and articles in academic journals and is reduced for academic monographs.’

Reproduction of images

If you have found an image or an item which you wish to reproduce, please contact the Librarian of the John Johnson Collection who will be able to check the shelfmark, give you the correct form of citation, supply the image file reference (where applicable) and check the copyright status of items not yet photographed.

When you have this information, you should complete the standard Imaging Services order form (PDF, 125kb). You must also complete an Application for Permission to Reproduce. There are separate forms for non-electronic reproduction (PDF, 79kb) and electronic reproduction (PDF, 45kb). Reproduction is free of charge for theses and articles in academic journals and is reduced for academic monographs. However, you must obtain permission prior to publication.

Full information is given at on the Bodleian’s Copyright pages.


John Johnson Collection, Bodleian Libraries

State Library of NSW



Except where otherwise noted, the Library’s datasets are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia license. Any projects using State Library of NSW data in any way should be released under this same CC BY 3.0 AU license.

For more information, you can see further definition of the Library’s copyright policies, or you can contact us at

Using the Library’s open data

“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse and redistribute it – subject only, at most, to the requirements to attribute and/or share-alike.” (Source:

The Library is committed to providing open access to our data and collections for reuse and redistribution. On these pages we offer a selection of datasets and tools and we encourage the creative and innovative repurposing of these materials.

If there is a particular dataset you would like the Library to make available, please send your suggestions to

This service is provided as part of the NSW Government ICT Strategy’s Open Data Policy.


We encourage you to share your creations with us and the world. To do so please use hashtag #madewithslnsw on your social media channels. Any projects using State Library of NSW data should be released under a Creative Commons 3.0 (CC BY 3.0 AU) license.


Confirmation that all images are free to use for any purpose was confirmed in person by one of the curators.

State Library of NSW

David Rumsey Historical Map Collection


The David Rumsey Map Collection was started over 30 years ago and contains more than 150,000 maps. The collection focuses on rare 16th through 21st century maps of North and South America, as well as maps of the World, Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania. The collection includes atlases, wall maps, globes, school geographies, pocket maps, books of exploration, maritime charts, and a variety of cartographic materials including pocket, wall, children’s, and manuscript maps. Items range in date from about 1550 to the present.


Images may be reproduced or transmitted, but not for commercial use. For commercial use or commercial republication, contact This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. By downloading any images from this site, you agree to the terms of that license. Users are expected to abide by all copyright laws. Distribution, reproduction, or other use requires the written permission of any copyright and other rights holders unless the materials are in the public domain or authorized by fair use or other statutory exemption. It is the user’s obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in this collection. For maps not in the public domain that we know are being sold by their makers, we do not allow downloading or printing and we attempt to provide a link to the maker’s site in our metadata for the map.


David Rumsey Historical Map Collection

Art Images for College Teaching



Permission is herin granted:

  • to academic institutions to use these images freely and without further authorization in conjunction with educational activities such as teaching, research, and scholarly publication;
  • to academic personnel for creative utilization of these images–including electronic enhancement, modification, manipulation, or combination with other free use images–in conjunction with teaching and learning activities;
  • and to libraries and archives to store, display, transmit, and disseminate these images through any appropriate means–including photomechanical and electronic–in support of such bona fide non-profit activities. Web-based dissemination of these images, even if “re-purposed” by removing them from the AICT website and mounting them in other contexts, is specifically authorized for educational institutions.

Because it is AICT‘s goal to offer teachers and students absolute freedom to use these image resources in any application that is both educational in intent and non-commercial in nature, users may download image files from the AICT website pages, or may link directly to individual image files on this site. There is no requirement that AICT images so used be password protected, encrypted, or otherwise gated. AICT images may be incorporated into resource sharing projects with affiliated campuses and consortium partner institutions. Authorization is also specifically granted to educational institutions to make derivative copies available to their affiliated personnel, including students.

While identification of derivative copies with the source note “AICT/Allan T. Kohl” would be appreciated, omission of such credit does not invalidate the general permissions given above.

Please respect the integrity of this educational resource by refraining from any use of these images that is not truly educational and non-commercial in nature. All commercial rights pertaining to the utilization, publication, or distribution of these images for profit or revenue generation (including institutional development and promotional activities, as opposed to curricular support) are reserved by the copyright holder. Commercial publishers and producers wishing to make use of AICT images should contact the author about specific licensing conditions.


Art Images for College Teaching

Europeana Collections


Conditions: Europeana is the digital platform for European cultural heritage. Many of the images have no use restrictions on them and are free to use for any purpose. To search for these, tick the Free Re-use box on the left side of the search filters.


The re-use conditions for free may be affected by the copyright conditions in your country:

Rights Reserved – Free Access

This rights statement has been RETIRED from use by Europeana and replaced with ‘In Copyright’.

This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by the organization giving access to it.

Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to make any of the acts permitted by your national copyright and related rights act, including browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes.

All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions attached to the digital object.


Europeana Collections

National Maritime Museum, Royal Museums Greenwich


Conditions: Getting images free from the NMM requires fulfilling certain conditions. They give a 100% academic discount for runs below 1000 editions, as below.

‘Discounts on reproduction fees are available for images used on interior pages of scholarly and not-for-profit publications, see the table below. This discount does not include supply fees. A minimum £50 spend applies per order.’

UP TO 3000 30%
UP TO 2000 50%
UP TO 1000 100%

The £50 minimum fee is a cost but the images available for this cost if the conditions are fulfilled makes this offer a bargain. File under ‘nearly free’.

In addition:

‘Conditions of free images

As long as low resolution files are already available on the Picture Library website: can download these files for free under the following conditions:

  • Academic Press publications, scholarly journals and self-published family history books with a print or e-book run under 500.
    (this does not include front or back cover use which does incur a fee).
  • Academic thesis and student essays, which are not being published.
  • Free educational lectures or classes.
  • Private websites and blogs with a primarily informational purpose.
  • Low resolution files are 72 dpi and 800 pixels maximum length.
  • A maximum of 15 low resolution images can be used in any single project.
  • If you re-print the project at a later date, then a fee would need to be paid for the re-print.

High resolution files are subject to a fee.’


National Maritime Museum, Royal Museums Greenwich